The flu and a cold are two different things. Here are some tips for avoiding the flu.
Many people confuse the flu and a common cold. There is a difference though and it is important that you know the steps for avoiding the flu. Colds affect the nose, the throat, and the upper airways. Common symptoms include coughing, fever, sore throat, sneezing, a blocked or runny nose and general congestion. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for the common cold. The flu is a more serious viral infection that affects your whole body, including your nose, throat and sometimes your lungs. Typical symptoms of flu include fever, headache, sore throat and muscle aches. Flu symptoms tend to be more severe and last longer than those of a cold. There is a vaccine you can get at the beginning of the flu season, especially if you are at risk. There are a few things that you can do to try and lower the risk of getting sick.
Always wash your hands.
It seems like a simple thing to say, but many germs are spread from sick people to others, through our hands. We touch our nose or mouth where there is infection and spread it to other common areas. Computers, phones, railings on public transport. Wash your hands regularly, especially before and after eating, before using the computer and after going to the bathroom. If you would like to be extra thorough, then grab a bottle of hand sanitiser and use it a couple of times a day during the Winter months.
Cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough
Cold and flu germs are often spread when infected people cough and sneeze. The best thing to do is to cough and sneeze into a tissue and then throw it away. If you don’t have one handy then try the corner of your arm or elbow. If you cough or sneeze into your hand and then touch something, you are spreading the infection.
Drink plenty of water.
Drinking plenty of water can help you fight off infection through being a generally healthy person. When you have a cold or the flu, you can also get a fever. This is your body trying to control the infection, But will also make you sweat. Add sweating to a runny nose, you could be losing a lot of fluid in your body. It is important to replace these fluids by drinking lots of water.
Take some vitamins.
Taking vitamins regularly, especially leading up to the flu season, may prevent you from getting sick at all. Vitamins regulate the metabolism, enable cell growth and strengthen the immune system. It is better to be in a healthy condition going into the cold and flu season, than to try and catch up once you have been infected.
Keep away from people that are sick
If people around you are sick, try to stay away from them until they feel better. If you are sick, then be responsible and stay away from work or school, until you have been given the all clear from a Doctor to return. Get lots of sleep/rest, drink lots of fluid and get a little bit of sunshine. This is a great way to recover and not spread your germs to someone else.
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